Faculty Profile

Kenneth S. Shultz

Ph.D., Wayne State University
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Post Doc - University of Southern California, Social Gerontology

Contact Information:

Full Curriculum Vitae (last updated Oct. 2014)

Research and Teaching Interests:

Aging and Work, Personnel Selection, Applied Measurement Issues


Psyc 120 - Career Development
Psyc 210- Psychological Statistics
Psyc 302- Organizational Behavior
Psyc 355- Industrial Psychology
Psyc 377 - Tests and Measurement
Psyc 410 - Advanced Psychological Statistics
Psyc 438 - Experimental Psychology: I/O

Psyc/HD 540 - Work, Retirement, and Leisure
Psyc 581a - Seminar in I/O Psychology
Psyc 601 - Performance Assessment
Psyc 603 - Personnel Selection and Validation
Psyc 642 - Regression and Nonparametric Statistics
Psyc 644 - Applied Psychological Measurement
Psyc 675 - Practicum in Applied Psychology

Honors and Awards:

Outstanding Achievement in Professional Development and Research, Department of Psychology, CSUSB, AY 2004-2005.

Outstanding Achievement in Professional Development and Research, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, CSUSB, AY 2007-2008.

Outstanding Achievement in Teaching, Department of Psychology, CSUSB, AY 2008-2009

Representative Publications:

Articles published since 2003. See link above to my full curriculum Vitae for a listing of all professional publications. Reprints of all publications available upon request.

*Designates Current or former student

Pundt, L., Wöhrmann, A.M., Deller, J., & Shultz, K.S. (2015). Differential predictors of post-retirement life and work satisfaction. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 30, 216-231.

Kordbacheh, N., Shultz, K.S., & Olson, D.A. (2014). Engaging mid and late career employees: The relationship between age, employee engagement, intrinsic motivation, and meaningfulness. Journal of Organizational Psychology, 14 (1).

Kottke, J.L., Valencia, L.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2013). Using a simulated selection interview as a final examination in a graduate personnel selection class. Psychology Learning and Teaching, 12, 290-296. Doi: dx.doi.org/10.2304/plat.2013.12.3.290

Olson, D.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2013). Employability and career success: The need for comprehensive definitions of career success. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 6, 17-20.

Olson, D.A., Liu, J., & Shultz, K.S. (2012). The influence of Facebook usage on perceptions of social support, personal efficacy, and life satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Psychology, 12 (3/4), 133-144.

Shultz, K.S., Olson, D.A., & Wang, M. (2011). Overqualified employees: Perspectives of older workers. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 4, 247-249.

Shultz, K.S., & Wang, M. (2011). Psychological perspectives on the changing nature of retirement. American Psychologist,66, 170-179

Kottke, J.L., Olson, D.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2010). The Devil is in the Details: A Comment on What Might This Be? Rediscovering the Rorschach as a Tool for Personnel Selection in Organizations (Del Guide, 2010). Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 610-612.

Pengcharoen, C., & Shultz, K.S. (2010). The influences on bridge employment decisions. International Journal of Manpower, 31, 322-336.

Shultz, K.S., & Henkens, K. (2010). Introduction to the changing nature of retirement. International Journal of Manpower, 31, 265-270.

Wang, M., & Shultz, K.S. (2010). Employee retirement: A review and recommendations for future investigation. Journal of Management, 36, 172-206.

Shultz, K.S., Wang, M., & Olson, D.A. (2010). Role overload and underload in relation to occupational stress and health. Stress and Health, 26, 99-111.

Shultz, K.S., Wang, M., Crimmins, E., & Fisher, G.F. (2010). Age differences in the Demand-Control Model of work stress: An examination of data from 15 European countries. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 29, 21-47

von Bonsdorff, M.E., Shultz, K.S., Leskinen, E., & Tansky, J. (2009). The choice between retirement and bridge employment: A continuity theory and life course perspective. International Journal of Aging and Human Devleopment, 69, 79-100.

Zhan,  Y., Wang, M., Lui, S., & Shultz, K.S. (2009). Bridge employment and retirees' health: A longitudinal investigation. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14, 374-389.

*Forsberg, A.M., & Shultz, K.S. (2009). Perceived fairness of a background information form and job knowledge test. Public Personnel Management, 38, 33-46.  

*Styers, B.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2009). Perceived reasonableness of employment testing accommodationas for persons with disabilities. Public Personnel Management,38 (3), 119-140.

*Madvig, T.L., & Shultz, K.S. (2008). Modeling individual’s post-retirement behaviors toward their former organization. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 23 (1/2), 17-49. 

Wang, M., Zhan, Y., Liu, S., & Shultz, K.S. (2008). Antecedents of bridge employment: A longitudinal investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 818-830.  

*Loi, J.L.P, & Shultz, K.S. (2007). Why older adults seek employment: Differing motivations among subgroups. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 26, 274-289.

Shultz, K.S., & Wang, M. (2007). The influence of specific physical health conditions on retirement decisions. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 65, 149-161. 

Taylor, M.A., Shultz, K.S., Morrison, R.F., *Spiegel, P.E., & Greene, J. (2007). Occupational attachment and met expectations as predictors of retirement adjustment of naval officers, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 1697-1725.

Shultz, K.S., Hoffman, C.C., & Reiter-Palmon, R. (2005). Using archival data for I-O research: Advantages, pitfalls, sources, and examples . The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 42 (3), 31-37.

*Barrah, J.L., Shultz, K.S., Baltes, B., & Stolz, H.E. (2004). Men’s and women’s elder care based work family conflict: Antecedents and work related outcomes. Fathering, 2, 305-330.

Shultz, K.S., Taylor, M.A., & Morrison, R.F. (2003). Work related attitudes of naval officers before and after retirement. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 57 (3), 261-276.

*Spiegel, P.E., & Shultz, K.S. (2003). The influence of pre-retirement planning and transferability of skills on naval officers' retirement satisfaction and adjustment. Military Psychology, 15 (4), 284-306.

Book Chapters:

Shultz, K.S., & Olson, D.A. (2014). Heavy work investment, bridge employment, and the transition to retirement. In I. Harpaz, & R. Snir (Eds.), Heavy work investment: It’s nature, sources, outcomes, and future directions. New York: Psychology Press.

Shultz, K.S., & Olson, D.A. (2013). The changing nature of work and retirement. In M. Wang (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Retirement (Chapter 33, pp. 543-558). New York: Oxford University Press.

Wang, M., Adams, G.A., Beehr, T.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2009).  Bridge employment and retirement: Issues: Opportunities during the latter part of one's career. In S.G. Baugh and S.E. Sullivan (Eds.), Maintaining Focus, Energy, and Options over the Life Span (Chapter 6, pp. 135-162). Charlotte, NC: IAP - Information Age Publishing.

Shultz, K.S., & Wang, M. (2008). The changing nature of mid and late careers. In C. Wankel (Ed.), 21st Century Management: A Reference Handbook. Vol 2 (Ch 63, pp. 130-138). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Adams, G.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2007). Editors’ overview. In K.S. Shultz and G.A. Adams (Eds.), Aging and Work in the 21st Century (Ch 1, pp. 1-6). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Shultz, K.S., & Adams, G.A. (2007). In search of a unifying paradigm for understanding aging and work in the 21st century. In K.S. Shultz and G.A. Adams (Eds.), Aging and Work in the 21st Century. (Ch 14, pp. 303-319). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Taylor, M.A., Shultz, K.S., & Doverspike, D. (2005). Academic perspectives on recruiting and retaining older workers. In P.T. Beatty and R.M.S. Visser (Eds.), Thriving on an aging workforce: Strategies for organizational and systemic change. (Ch 4, pp. 43-50). Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company.

Shultz, K.S. (2003). Bridge employment: Work after retirement. In G.A. Adams and T.A. Beehr (Eds.), Retirement: Reasons, processes and results. (Chapter 9, pp. 214-241). New York: Springer Publishing Company.


Shultz, K.S., Whitney, D.A., & Zickar, M.J. (2014). Measurement theory in action: Case studies and exercises (2nd edition). New York, NY: Routledge Academic Press.

Wang, M., Olson, D.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2013). Mid and late career issues: An integrative perspective. New York, NY: Routledge Academic Press

Shultz, K.S., & Adams, G.A. (Eds.) (2007). Aging and work in the 21st century. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. (now Psychology Press) 

Shultz, K.S., & Whitney, D.A. (2005). Measurement theory in action: Case studies and exercises . Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Encyclopedia Entries:

Olson, D.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2015). Career theory. In S.K. Whitbourne (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Adulthood and Aging. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Adams, G.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2006). Retirement. In S. Rogelberg (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Shultz, K.S., & Whitney, D.J. (2006). Prescreening assessment methods for personnel selection. In S. Rogelberg (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Adams, G.A., & Shultz, K.S. (2005). Retirement. In N. J. Salkind and K. DeRuyck (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Human Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Student Research Projects


Andrew Ansoorian (Sept 1996) “The Influence of Expertise and Gender on Job Analysis Ratings for a Physically Demanding Job” [presented at SIOP 1997

Linda Araki (June 1995) “Statistical Competency of Psychology Students” [presented at WPA 1995

Dalia Arellano (February 2010) Individual versus group performance on a decision making task

Jaime Barrah (June 2001) “Elder Care Based Work-Family Conflict: Antecedents and Outcomes” [presented at GSA 2001; published in Fathering, 2004]

James Baxter (July 2003) “Construct validation of a common format biodata within the public sector” [presented at SIOP 2005]

Alex Brody (Nov 2005) “Bridge employment: Can occupational self efficacy determine which bridges are crossed?” [presented at SIOP 2006]

Autumn Carroll (November 2004) “Successful Mid-life Aging in a Changing Work Environment” [presented at SIOP 2006]  

Alexius Cheang (December 2001) “I/O program, program evaluation” 

Maryann Christie (June 1996) “Gender Differences in Coping with Work Stress and Predicting Work Related Outcomes” [published in Work and Stress, 1998

Jennifer Cremer (January 2008) “The Effects of Age, Computer Self-Efficacy, Computer Anxiety, and Computer Experience on Training Method Preference in Employees” 

Steve Crocker (March 2012) “The Mediating Effects of Perceive Person Organizational Support and Perceived Supervisor Support on the Relationship Among Person-Organization Fit, Person-Supervisor Fit, and Organizational Commitment”

Tejas Dalvi (December 2011) “Predicting Differences in Occupational Stress and Coping Styles: The Interactive Effect of Age and Gender”

Brian Decal (December 2009) Realistic Job Previews (RJPs) and the moderating effects of met expectations in Nurses

Anna Forsberg (April 2004) “Differences by Occupation in Perceive Face Validity and Procedural Justice of a Common Format Application of Hard Biodata and a Written Job Knowledge Test” [presented at SIOP 2005; published in Public Personnel Management, 2009]  

Leslie Hagen (June 2012) “Usability of Unproctored Internet Testing (UIT): The Needs of Older Workers”

Negin Kordbacheh(August 2010) “Engaging an Older Workforce: The Relationship between Employee Engagement, Intrinsic Motivation, and meaningfulness” [presented at SIOP 2011]

Tracy Lindbo (Dec 1998) “Modeling Retiree Reciprocity in Organizations” [presented at SIOP 1999; published in Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 2008

Jasmin Loi (November 2001) – “Motivations for older adults seeking employment” [presented at SIOP 2002; published in Journal of Applied Gerontology, 2007

Jennifer Mersman (June 1996) “Individual Differences in the Tendency to Fake Good in Personaltiy Assessment”  [presented at SIOP 1997; published in Personality and Individual Differences, 1998

David Morris (April 2002) “Comparing Job Component Validity to Observed Validity Across Jobs" [presented at SIOP 2003]

Alex Nedilskyj (Nov 2010) Age and Education Differences in Superior-subordinate Dyads: Testing relational norms and attraction similarity influences on role ambiguity, affect, and communication satisfaction

Jyotsna Paintal (October 2008)"The Influence of Pre-Retirement Planning on Adjustment to and Satisfaction with Retirement" [submitted for publication]

Chanjira Pengcharoen (March 2007) “The Influence of Work and Nonwork-Related Factors on Bridge Employment Decisions” [presented at SIOP 2008]

Ryan Pennock (May 1998) ”Fakability in Structured Interviews: A Comparsion of Situational and Past Behavior Formats” [presented at APA 1999]

Brittany Roy (May 2014) – "Student employment in organizations and the relationships among commitment levels, turnover intentions, and absenteeism".

Anthony Saldaña (February 2013). “The influences on job search behavior among convicted felons with substance abuse disorders”

Michele Schulz (June 2001) “The Influence of Job Type, Information Provided, Test Type, and Test Performance on Applicant Reactions to Personnel Selection Tests” [submitted to SIOP 2002 – not accepted]

Emily Shindledecker (November 2013). “Unproctored internet testing: Methods to mitigate and detect cheating”

Peter Spiegel (May 2000) “Military Retirement Satisfaction and Adjustment: The Effects of Planning, Having Transferable Skills, and Having Identified With and Been Committed to, the Navy on a Sample of Retired Naval Officers” [presented at APA 2001; published in Military Psychology 2003

Bridget Styers (June 2001) “Influences on the Perceived Reasonableness of Employment Testing Accommodations for Persons with Disabilities” [presented at SIOP 2002; published in Public Personnel Management, 2009]

Shachipriya Tripathi (March 2013). “The Meaning of Work: A Comparison of Age and Culture”

Joelle Baer Weckerle (June 1995) “Influences on the Bridge Employment Decisions of Older Workers” [presented at SIOP 1996, published in Journal of Organizational and Occupational Psychology, 1999]

Larry Weitzel (Dec 1999) “Assessing Business Writing: An Examination of Scoring Method, Writing Sample Complexity, and Rating Variability” [presented at IPMAAC 1997]


Thomas "TJ" Borawski – Stress and work motivation among older workers

David Dysart - TBD

Dasha Gershman – The impact of shiftwork schedules on employee abstenteeism

Karla Medrano – Cognitive overload and performance management

Michael Rose – TBD

Benjamin Safara – Employer perceptions of on-line versus traditional education

Michael "Misha" Sisikin – Differences in embeddness among younger and older workers

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